Messianic Hebrew Roots Bibles

Messianic Hebrew Roots BiblesMessianic Hebrew Roots Bibles

Messianic Jewish theology is the study of God and Scripture from the perspective of Messianic Judaism, a religious movement that fuses elements of Judaism and Christianity and claims to be a legitimate form of Judaism, but is considered by most Christians and Jews to be a form of Christianity.

Core doctrines

  • Creation: Messianic Jews accept a variety of views on creation theology.
  • God: Messianics believe in the God of the Bible, and that he is all-powerful, omni-present, eternal, exists outside of creation, and infinitely significant and benevolent. The vast majority of Messianics adhere to trinitarian views of God,[1] while others insist upon strict, unitarian monotheism.[2]
  • The Messiah: Yeshua (Jesus) is believed to be the promised Jewish messiah. The mainstream movement accepts Yeshua as God in the flesh, and as the Torah made flesh.
  • Written Torah: Messianics with a few exceptions, consider the written Torah (Pentateuch), the five books of Moses, to remain fully in force and a continuing covenant, to be observed both morally and ritually, by those who profess faith in God. They believe that Yeshua taught and re-affirmed the Torah, rather than doing away with it. This means that most Messianic Jews do not eat non-Kosher foods such as: shellfish or pork. They also will not work on Friday nights or Saturday days (the traditional Jewish Sabbath). This adherence to the biblical Law is where Messianic Judaism differs from most Christian denominations.
  • Israel: It is believed that the Children of Israel were, remain, and will continue to be the chosen people of the God of Jacob and are central to his plans. Virtually all Messianics (whether Jewish nor non-Jewish) oppose Replacement theology.
  • The Bible: The Tanakh and New Testament (sometimes called the B’rit Chadasha) are considered the established inerrant, and divinely inspired Biblical scripture by Messianic Judaism.
  • Eschatology: Messianics hold all of the following eschatological beliefs: the End of Days, the Second Coming of Jesus as the conquering Messiah, the re-gathering of Israel, a rebuilt Third Temple, a Resurrection of the Dead (and that Jesus was resurrected after his death). In addition most believe in the millennial sabbath,although some are Amillinialist.
  • Oral Torah: Messianic Jewish opinions concerning the “Oral Torah” (the Talmud) are varied and sometimes conflicting between individual congregations. Some congregations are very selective in their applications of Talmudic law, or do so for the sake of continuity with tradition, while others encourage a serious observance of the Jewish halakha. Virtually all Messianic congregations and synagogues believe that the oral traditions are subservient to the written Torah.

Additional doctrines

  • Sin and atonement: Some Messianics define sin as transgression of the Torah (Law/Instruction) of God and include the concept of original sin. Some adherents atone for their sins through prayer and repentance—that is, acknowledgment of the wrongdoing and seeking forgiveness for their sins (especially on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement). Other Messianics disagree with these rites and practices, believing that all sin (whether committed yet or not) is already atoned for through Jesus’s death and resurrection. (Hebrews 9:26)
  • Faith and works: Some Messianics draw on Jewish rather than Christian tradition. In Hebrew, both “faith” and “faithfulness” are one word “אמונה” (“emunah”). Many adherents believe in a showing of their faith through righteous works (Jacob/”James” 2:17-26), defined by both the Tanakh and the New Testament. Some Messianics believe that faith and works are mutually exclusive or polarized; others believe that faith in God and righteous works are entirely complementary to each other (James 2:20), and that the one (faith) naturally leads to the other (works) – much like some Christian thinking. Some say that righteousness with God is solely by grace through faith and then acknowledge that works are still very important.
  • Salvation: In agreement with historical Protestantism, Messianics believe that salvation is by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone.{Ephesians 2:8-9}

Canon

Messianic believers commonly hold the תנ”ך (Tanakh; Hebrew Bible), to be divinely inspired. The הברית החדשה (“Brit Chadasha“; New Testament) is also considered to also be divinely inspired.

  • תורה (Torah; “Teaching” or “Instruction”) is also called the חומש (Chumash; “The five”). “The Law” is called “The Five Books of Moses” or the “Pentateuch” especially by Christians.
  • נביאים (Nevi’im; “Prophets”)
  • כתובים (Ketuvim; “Writings”) is sometimes called “Αγιόγραφα” (“Hagiographa”; “Holy Writ”)
  • Gospels
Gospel of מתתיהו ("Mattityahu"; "Gift of God")/מתי ("Mattay")/"Matthew",
 ‣ Gospel of Marcus/Μαρκοϲ ("Markos")/"Mark",
 ‣ Gospel of Lucas/Λουκᾶς ("Loukas")/"Luke", and
 ‣ Gospel of יהוחנן ("Yehochanan"; "God has been gracious")/יוחנן ("Yochanan")/"John".

David H. Stern has produced a Messianic Jewish version of the Bible called the Complete Jewish Bible.

Torah

“Torah” refers to the first five books of the Bible. Torah reading in Hebrew is one qualifier for a congregation to be considered authentically Messianic. Individuals are encouraged to engage in private and corporate study of Torah for instruction in doctrine and righteousness.

The Torah contains the 613 commandments of the Covenant between God and Israel. Some Messianic congregations and synagoges hold that for Jews, whether they are Messianic or not, Torah observance is covenantally obligatory, for Gentiles it is not.

Overview of issues

Traditional Christianity affirms that the Torah is the word of God, though most Christians deny that all of the laws of the Pentateuch directly apply to themselves as Christians. The New Testament suggests that Yeshua established a new covenant relationship between God and his people (Hebrews 8; Jeremiah 31:31-34) and this new covenant speaks of the Torah being written upon the heart. Various passages such as Matthew 5:17-19, Matthew 28:19-20, 1John 3:4 and Romans 3:3, as well as various examples of Torah observance in the New Testament, are cited by Messianics in suggesting that the Torah was not and could not have been abolished.

Many Messianics believe that it is absurd to assume that any of the 613 Mitzvot would be abolished simply because certain commandments are or are not repeated or reaffirmed individually in the New Testament, proclaiming the belief that such was never the job of the Apostles in the first place, and that the Torah has always been immutable. Messianics sometimes challenge Christians by arguing that if they believe Jesus is the Messiah, then according to the Torah itself Yeshua could not have changed the Torah (Deuteronomy 13).

As with Orthodox Judaism, capital punishment and animal sacrifice are not practiced because there are strict Biblical conditions on how these are to be practiced, requiring a functioning Temple in Jerusalem with its Levite priesthood. When the power of capital punishment is available, often its exercise is only after exhausting loopholes in Torah which are used to set a suspect free. According to the Talmud, capital punishment in Jewish law always had to lean on merciful alternatives to execution and make every effort not to give the strictest punishment within the confines of the Torah: “A Sanhedrin which kills once in seven years is considered murderous. Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah said: once in seventy years. Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon said: if we had been in the Sanhedrin, no one would have ever been killed.”[11]

Most Messianics believe that observance of the Torah brings about sanctification, not salvation, which was to be produced only by the Messiah.[12]

Credits to Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messianic_Jewish_theology

Messianic Hebrew Roots Bibles

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